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Introduction

The traditional crafts and industries are regarded as a cultural

product of the live interaction processes between the local

communities on account of the cultural visions and values and

natural habitat on the one hand, and between them and the other

communities on the other hand. Hence, these traditional crafts and

industries are not only a manifestation of civilization, but tools for

the expression of the society’s culture and authenticity as well as a

true component of the collective cultural memory that incarnates

the life features and the stages through which the society has passed.

Conservation and promotion of the conventional crafts

and industries has grown by a popular demand, with many countries

viewing this as confirmation of their national identity, with all the

uniqueness of their peculiarities and characteristics, which are a

source of their pride and self esteem. In its endeavor to preserve its

cultural heritage, the Kingdom of Bahrain represents one of those

countries which have become keenly aware of the roles that these

crafts and industries may play in determining its national identity

and highlighting its cultural heritage which is linked to its present as

well as its past as a country where the past, present and future ties

combine in one contemporary entity characterized by its uniqueness.

The type and nature of the crafts and industries in

any society are influenced by the environment and its primary

components, as well as the life style adopted in the traditional

industries for which Bahrain is famous, and are closely associated

with and linked to the basic needs of the individual in a community

which relies on the sea, agriculture and commerce for his living, and

whose raw substance are derived from the materials available in the

environment, and therefor the environment has played a remarkable

role in determining the types of industries and crafts that the

Bahraini person engaged in in the past.

As a result, this industry is characterized by sheer variety

in order to fulfill the requirements of the various activities that the

Kingdom had in abundance throughout its history, including pearling,

diving, fishing and agriculture in addition to trading activities which

has attracted large numbers of the people of the neighboring

countries and regions who were looking to earn a living. Hence,

many of the Bahraini people got involved in these industries which

spread inside and outside the cities. The crafts are now pursued

in markets which are named after them, such as the blacksmith

markets, Tanakah market, the goldsmith market, the gypsummarket,

Tawawish markets and other names, besides other markets which

are held outside the cities in some of the open yards and fields which

attracted the farmers and the environmental craft artisans on certain

days. For this reason, the markets came to be known by the name

of the day on which they are held, such as Wednesday market and

Thursday market.

Handicraft Festival 2016 - Brochure artwork 17 items.indd 2

7/14/16 10:29 AM